Cannabis contains roughly 100 different cannabinoids, which are the chemical compounds secreted by the plant’s flowers. Cannabinoids work by mimicking compounds that our bodies naturally produce, called endocannabinoids, which help regulate internal health and stability.
THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) is the most widely known cannabinoid, as well as the most prominent in the plant in terms of volume. It is responsible for the ‘high’ or psychoactive effect that marijuana users feel. THC also has an analgesic effect, can control nausea, and can stimulate a patient’s appetite.
CBD (Cannibidiol) is the second most prominent cannabinoid and does not have any psychoactive effects. Products rich in CBD can be used as an anti-inflammatory treatment or as an anti-seizure treatment, including pediatric epilepsy. There’s growing evidence that CBD may also stop the metastasis of certain types of cancer, as well as helping with a number of other conditions.
Indica and Sativa are the two unique strains of the cannabis plants. A third category, hybrids, also exist. Generally speaking, sativa varieties of medical marijuana provide a more uplifting and energetic psychoactive effect, while indica provide a more relaxed or mellow effect, often well suited for nighttime use. Hybrid plants provide a mix of the two strains.